Green Star Royalties Acquires Portfolio of U.S. Forest Carbon Offset Royalties and Receives First Carbon Offset Delivery

April 24, 2024, TORONTO, ON – Star Royalties Ltd. (“Star Royalties”, or the “Company”) (TSXV: STRR, OTCQX: STRFF), through its joint venture, Green Star Royalties Ltd. (“Green Star”), is pleased to announce the execution of a definitive royalty agreement with NativState LLC (“NativState”) to acquire several gross revenue royalties (each a “Royalty”, and collectively, the “Royalties”) on a carbon offset-issuing portfolio of Improved Forest Management (“IFM”) projects in the southeastern United States. NativState is an Arkansas-based forest carbon project developer focused on aggregating small-to-medium forest landowners into IFM projects being developed under the American Carbon Registry (“ACR”). The Royalties are expected to deliver to Green Star premium voluntary carbon offsets over a 20-year period, with a total consideration for the Royalties of $5.6 million to be paid over a series of tranches. All amounts are in U.S. dollars unless otherwise indicated.

Investment Highlights

  • Expansion of Green Star’s North American nature-based portfolio: The Royalties on NativState’s IFM projects complement and further diversify Green Star’s existing portfolio of North American nature-based carbon offset solutions.
  • First carbon offset-issuing royalty for Green Star: Project ACR 783 in Arkansas becomes Green Star’s first carbon offset-issuing investment with approximately 180,000 carbon offsets expected to be delivered under the Royalty in 2024, inclusive of 120,000 carbon offsets at closing. Approximately 75% of Green Star’s attributable carbon offsets are expected to be delivered in the first five years.
  • Aligned and defensive royalty structure: Green Star and NativState have agreed to several defensive mechanisms for the Royalties to ensure the expected volume of carbon offsets is delivered over the 20-year royalty term.
  • Multiple Royalties with strong investment metrics: The Royalties consist of a 20% Royalty on Project ACR 783 and 10% Royalties on an additional 60,000 acres across Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri, to be developed by NativState and registered as future ACR projects. At prevailing carbon offset pricing, the Royalties are expected to provide significant net present value accretion and allow for an attractive payback period.
  • Demand and pricing trends for premium North American carbon offsets are stable and rising: Premium North American nature-based carbon offsets remain in limited supply and in increasing demand. Current market pricing for these premium avoidance and removal carbon offsets is near $15/t CO2e and $21/t CO2e, respectively.
  • Partnership with rapidly growing carbon developer: NativState, with over 300,000 acres under management, is striving to become the largest U.S. aggregator of small-to-medium forest landowners. Green Star is proud to be building a long-term partnership with NativState by funding American forest landowners keen to participate in both IFM practices and voluntary carbon markets.

Alex Pernin, Chief Executive Officer of Star Royalties, commented: “We are proud to announce this multi-royalty investment in NativState’s portfolio of high integrity IFM projects in the southeastern United States. This thoughtful transaction transitions Green Star into free cash flow generation and provides desirable economic returns, while expanding and diversifying our existing premium North American portfolio.”

“This investment will allow for the conservation of roughly 78,000 acres of prime timberland and is a culmination of extensive due diligence by our team and multiple third-parties. We respect NativState’s team and their meticulous approach to building a sustainable business model rooted in forestland conservation and stewardship. NativState’s attractive carbon offset issuance profile as well as their objective of enabling American forest landowners to generate carbon revenue made this partnership a natural fit for Green Star.”

Stuart Allen, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of NativState, commented: “NativState was founded to give small and medium forest landowners access to global carbon markets. This announcement and our relationship with Green Star mark an important step in making the promise of the Voluntary Carbon Market a reality for our landowner partners.  We are thankful for Green Star’s trust in NativState, and we look forward to continuing to create value in forest conservation as a project proponent.  Each new project brought to market provides our landowners revenue to implement sustainable forest management practices and access to professional foresters.  These practices then deliver high-quality carbon offsets to our corporate stakeholders.”

Transaction Terms

Green Star has agreed to acquire the Royalties for $5.6 million. The Royalties will be on ACR-registered IFM projects, with each Royalty having a 20-year term commencing at the underlying ACR project’s first carbon offset issuance date. The Royalties will be paid directly in carbon offsets. Green Star’s total investment of $5.6 million will be paid over a series of tranches, linked to registration milestones of additional projects under the ACR registry.

In consideration of its investment, Green Star will receive:

  • 20% Royalty on Project ACR 783.
  • 10% Royalties on an additional 60,000 acres to be enrolled by NativState and registered as ACR projects.

As part of this transaction, NativState has included several defensive mechanisms for the Royalties to ensure the expected volume of carbon offsets is delivered over the 20-year royalty term. 

Improved Forest Management

IFM is a type of conservation project where the undertaken IFM practices increase carbon storage over a baseline, or a business-as-usual level. IFM projects can both increase net carbon stocks by sequestering carbon from the atmosphere (removal) through photosynthesis due to increased forest cover or maintained existing forest cover relative to the baseline and can reduce greenhouse gas emissions (avoidance) from reduced timber harvesting relative to the baseline. Acceptable IFM practices, including rotation extension, thinning, fire prevention practices, and changes in harvesting techniques, must be deemed allowable practices as per the projects’ selected carbon registry methodology.

IFM projects form an important subset of nature-based solutions, a set of land management, conservation and restoration practices aimed at mitigating climate change, while also sustaining biodiversity and other ecosystem services. In the United States, timber harvesting is the most extensive disturbance across forestlands, with the vast majority of timber harvested annually coming from private lands. Consequently, improved forest and land management decisions can have a significant impact on the role of forests as a carbon sink. The removed and avoided carbon emissions as a result of IFM projects, when overseen by a carbon project developer and properly validated and verified through an existing carbon registry methodology, can result in the generation of carbon offsets, tagged as removal and avoidance offsets, respectively. The current market pricing for U.S. premium avoidance and removal carbon offsets is near $15/t CO2e and $21/t CO2e, respectively.

Royalty Projects

Project ACR 783 – The S&J Taylor Forest Carbon Project, Arkansas

Upcoming ACR Projects

As part of the royalty agreement, NativState will continue to enroll forest landowners across the southern United States into future ACR projects that will be subject to 10% Royalties, until total acreage under the Royalties reaches 60,000 acres, excluding Project ACR 783. These future IFM projects are expected to be located in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri.

Take the first step towards making a significant impact.

Whether you are a landowner or carbon credit buyer, your involvement in certified climate projects is paving the way for a brighter and more sustainable future for all.


Contact us to get started!